Let’s face it. Today’s SEO is like the Labors of Hercules for many businesses.
Each year, Google changes its search algorithm around 500–600 times. 2015 has already been a roller-coaster for marketers who are trying to keep up with Google… and we can expect much more yet to come in 2016.
While many of these changes are minor, Google occasionally rolls out a major algorithmic update (such as Panda, Penguin, and the Hummingbird) that affects search results in significant ways.
With so much scattered information about SEO, I reached out to Sam Hurley, a UK-based SEO veteran with years of experience on both agency and client site, to round up his ideas about the most important trends and strategies in SEO to brace for in 2016.
Sam’s ideas have been recognized by many global media outlets, including BBC, NBC News, Daily Star, Global News, and many more.
In this 2016 SEO playbook, we will break down for you:
- How to stay in front of Google as it evolves at a light speed.
- Algorithm changes SEO professionals should anticipate.
- Ways you can work with (not against!) the constantly evolving ways Google changes.
Table of Content
What have been the key SEO trends in 2015 marketers should brace for?
Let’s recap on Google’s algorithms geared towards on-site signals:
During 2015, marketers have been surprisingly challenged with less major algo updates than previous years. That said, we’ve still seen large shakeups spanning user experience on mobile devices (‘Mobilegeddon’) through to ‘quality’ content (‘The Quality Update’).
Echoing this, the slow-moving, content-orientated Panda 4.2 was released. This refresh appeared to hit, not too long before what many witnesses described as a complete reversal – further testament to the unpredictable nature of Google. (Cough, remember rel=author…?)
There’s been a lot of change concerning the importance of structured data mark-up, which offers greater foresight to searchers and increased visibility for websites on the SERPs. This extra presence can take the form of rich snippets, breadcrumbs and sitelinks (to name a few) providing coveted, increased real estate.
The Knowledge Graph has become a key driver of brand visibility on Google since it was first introduced during 2012, not so good for many but imperative for local search battlers and individual entities of status. (Yep, entities. That’s all we are to Google). Now Google is also implying that structured data mark-up could affect rankings in the near future…
What are the on-site SEO priorities in 2016?
Cutting through the many news stories, hype and animal titles, there’s common patterns here regarding on-site SEO and it’s no different than what has already been drilled into us for a long time.
Solid technical structure and user navigation which mirrors this clean organisation.
Logical information architecture which provides value to visitors at all stages of intent. This maximises visit durations and depth. (The Chrome browser holds 45% market share and MUST collect usage data, no matter what they say. It’s going to look bad to Google if a visitor leaves after viewing a single page, before pogo-sticking to a competitor. Ouch).
Internal linking within all body content (where it makes sense), applying keyword rich anchor variants of diverse tail lengths
Seamless mobile responsive design – mobile searches on Google have now surpassed desktop searches and it is imperative to have a slick website to accommodate this.
Structured data mark-up on all relevant elements (avoiding mark-up spam).
Local identifiers including consistent NAPs (name, address and phone numbers) within footers and a trustworthy contact page. The rise of mobile voice search means this is nothing less than essential to deploy alongside structured mark-up and mobile responsive design.
Regular, newsworthy stories which indicate you as an authority in your industry.
Consistent, thought leading content which provides valuable information or advocates emotion. Think long-form blog posts of 2500+ words with attractive imagery, interactive microsites, how-to guides and whitepapers.
Engagement focal points including large social share and follow icons and a reliable, crawlable commenting platform like Disqus.
Application of visible trust signals (partner logos, memberships of governing bodies, SSL certification…) and authentic social proofing to solidify user experience while encouraging positive usage metrics.
What are the off-site SEO priorities in 2016?
There’s never been a time to be more diligent with backlinks. Competition is fierce and shady link tactics (for ‘good’ or for ‘bad’) are rife.
Google once invalidated the concept of negative SEO having any impact. Nowadays, we hear different. In addition, the real-time Penguin 4.0 update is soon to be released; which to many, will offer a faster recovery from link-related penalisation.
In contrast, becoming burdened with a penalty will occur just as quickly if Google’s rules are broken. There have been more scares for ‘black-hat’ troopers in the form of another link-network de-indexation.
Local search results have seen heaps of transformation – Google’s continuous tweaking of local packs and the Knowledge Graph make for tricky terrain for smaller businesses. There’s been a lot of misunderstanding surrounding the introduction of Google My Business and the grouping of separate Google properties such as Google+ Local pages. (Some confusion noted here and here.)
At least they offered their support…
Backlinks are still thought to be the most influential factor in Google rankings, and I truly believe that. Providing epic, on and off-site content is deployed in parallel, a combination of highly relevant anchors surrounded by contextual content, keyword rich title tags (semantically solid, not stuffed) and CTR-focused meta descriptions see pages climbing that high wall of Google SERPs in 2015, and going into 2016.
It seems Google isn’t as advanced as they make out – we are often mesmerised by the fancy algo tweaks and recent advancements such as RankBrain, the artificial intelligence, machine-learning spectacular. It is this boundless fascination with shiny new objects which steers us away from the old-fashioned stuff which still has great impact…
How can you be so confident?
This is based on personal experience through years of client and in-house work. I must stress the importance of variety – I would never condone the application of say, exact-match backlinks in a manner which represents 19% of an entire link profile…
I would however, recommend building your brand and relationships to earn this type of links on authoritative websites to the tune of perhaps 4% as long as they garner link clicks, social shares and encourage conversation.
There’s undoubtedly a huge difference between Google’s interpretation of an exact-match, service-orientated link (SEO Firm London) opposed to an informational exact-match (Quick Guide to SEO). In the shadow of the new Penguin refresh, this must be taken seriously. Any instances of exact-match should be unique, too. Along with this, keep the frequency of new backlinks looking sporadic and there won’t be anything to worry about.
But Sam, isn’t that ‘gray hat’ SEO?
My general advice: Don’t get caught up in Google’s news. That’s what they want. It is important to stay on-top, but not to become consumed by the media frenzy. Test, test and test some more until you find what works for your niche.
I tend to go against the grain because putting it simply, who’s going to win; those who follow the herd, or those who experiment? I feel the more weight a website holds towards ‘white hat’ SEO, the more ‘grey hat’ SEO is allowed to proportionally seep through undetected.
It’s just ratio. Don’t be ignorant; an astute marketer will wear all ‘hats’.
Can you explain that using an analogy?
Think of the big banks. We see their cheerful adverts on TV with that typical joyous music, lulling people into a false sense of security. Yet underneath the pretence, we have an inkling of what’s really going on. We don’t mind too much, as long as it carries on in the background and doesn’t cause us too much hassle. We still use the banks every day. That’s how to go about link building… Google is just the TV audience.
A marketers and SEOs, we’re all here to do the same thing, and that’s to manipulate the search results. A lot of actions we take are against Google terms and conditions. It’s just a case of how clever we are at doing so, undetected.
What off-site SEO strategies to leverage in 2016?
Spend a great deal of time networking and building relationships – I love this topic so much that I’ve written super-helpful guides on influencer discovery and influencer outreach. Build a rock-solid personal brand as well as the company brand.
Use a growing social circle to nurture online presence and backlinks will come naturally as part of the process. Links can often take the form of favours.
Leverage your network to acquire guest post opportunities on industry-specific blogs. These guest posts need to take the form of thought-leading, inspirational content pieces which utilise attractive imagery and other visual cues such as infographics and new data-findings. Stuff people are going to find useful.Guest posts are not freakin’ dead! Even without backlinks, they convey personal and brand notoriety.
Focus on acquiring a combination of branded and mid-to-long-tail anchors, with a sprinkling of branded head-term anchor backlinks from a select few trustworthy sources. These anchors MUST look natural and NOT shoehorned.
For example, there might be an authoritative blog round-up opportunity featuring data trends covering brands in varying sectors. ‘KillEmAll Weed Killer’ could feature as a link next to their plentiful supply of information, looking natural amongst a bunch of other branded backlinks. Brand + exact-match = Winner.
For the most part, concentrate on informational anchors instead of service-led anchors. Link out to lots of other relevant sources in your off-site articles to disguise any possible signals of ‘manipulation’.
Concentrate on gaining reviews within Google+ and other platforms such as TrustPilot. These can then be displayed in SERPs using schema, and on-site too.
Ensure NAPs are consistent throughout all reputable directories to aid local and mobile search.
Get active on authoritative blog and forum commenting. Provide extra insights to others’ content and incentivise engagement. Add links to personally written material when appropriate. This isn’t for link equity; this is about conversation and relevant traffic.
Push forward with those social signals – and don’t say some businesses are too boring for social media! It’s been proven that quality and quantity of tweets affect rankings, Facebook shares even more so, and who really believes Google when they say their own social network doesn’t affect SERP positions?! Yeah right.
Social media presence is part of the brand-building package. One cannot exist without the other. Heightened social interaction garners website traffic, domino-effect sharing and backlinks. Whether directly or indirectly influencing rankings, it doesn’t matter. Social media is critical. Google’s deal with Twitter is yet another indicator of this.
Give testimonials everywhere it makes sense to. Consider all connections past and present, any tools, partners, clients and charities. These testimonials will often provide juicy, branded, followed backlinks. Be sure to push for it, tactfully.
Don’t forget LinkedIn. Tap up everyone and request personal recommendations. Maximise the power of your profile by adding a nice followed link to your website.
Create outstanding infographics which can be distributed on reputable infographic sharing sites. Reach out to industry influencers and see if they are willing to feature your graphics and link back to you. You could even create an infographic solely for a highly authoritative site in return for a link – an irrefusable gesture.
Purchase followed backlinks with due diligence. I can hear the gasps! It pisses me off when the term ‘paid link’ is met with shock and turned-up noses. This process goes on all the time, links are bought and sold by some of the largest, most reputable websites in digital marketing in the form of guest posts. Would you believe it? All you have to do is ensure these backlinks are gained sporadically, masked with a number of links to other sources while utilising natural, longer-tail anchor texts.
If your guest post site labels the post a sponsored article yet follows your backlinks, you can bet your website the Google police will find you out. Be clever.
Purchase nofollow links from trusted sources all day long. Banner advertising, editorial backlinks, governing body memberships – they all aid brand exposure and help balance the ratio of any followed exact-match backlinks.
Invest heavily in content distribution. Due to the intense saturation of content marketing and limited demand, ‘build it and they will come’ is just not the case. At least 65% of your marketing campaigns should be focused on the dissemination of material.
What SEO tactics should marketers STOP in 2016?
- Crappy 100 word blog posts
- Sneaky mobile redirects
- Interstitial ads and over-use of annoying pop-ups to organic, or any visitors!
- Obvious paid backlinks
- OTT internal linking
- Internal links to same page
- OTT portions of exact-match anchor text backlinks which promote products or services
- Site-wide backlinks from client/partner websites
- Footer backlinks
- Backlinks from irrelevant sources
- Backlinks from sites/profiles never managed or updated
- Blog comment/forum backlinks just for the sake of link-juice
- Backlinks from low-quality directories and social bookmarking sites
- Backlinks from low-quality guest blog sites purely existing for link spam
- High proportions of backlinks from relevant yet unauthoritative sites
- Obvious link wheels between all owned websites
What to watch in SEO in 2016?
The continual rise of the Knowledge Graph and its presence in Google will expand. The changes over the years tell us everything. We’ve gone from zero to approximately 19% of queries resulting in rich/direct answers with 75% of these showing links. Expect these numbers to fluctuate in a way which isn’t welcomed by marketers.
Life is only going to become more difficult! Google are pushing to keep searchers on their platform for as long as possible because it was never built for the profitable gain of websites…
Desktop search becomes obsolete. Mobile usage will surge as new phone technology is released and pre-millennials are encouraged to move with the times. This obviously affects the SERPs and organic real estate. Advertising on Google becomes almost compulsory to gain adequate visibility on mobile devices. SEO or PPC? This question may no longer bear any relevance.
Ads will consume most of the real estate on desktop SERPs too. As mobile usage grows, desktop advertising becomes an ultra-targeted market, lucrative for certain niches. We’ve come a long way since 10 blue links – ads on the left hand side too?
Greater ranking signals for backlinks which gain clicks. It only makes sense that a ‘natural’ backlink on an authoritative website should attract clicks and traffic which sticks. I expect more weight to be given to such backlinks, made official by Google.
Real-time Panda. Need I say more?
Rankings will update on the fly following every fresh ranking signal. Similar to real-time algos, rankings will change just as fast thanks to the relief AI will bring to Google’s workload, making the accurate tracking of positions more difficult. Rank monitoring tools will have to adapt.
About Sam Hurley
Sam Hurley is a lateral-thinking digital marketer holding 6+ years’ experience, currently heading up the search department at Midas Media Digital Marketing Agency.
He has achieved success for both agency and client-side businesses from SME, national to international blue-chip organisations, gaining invaluable experience along the way.
Catch him on Twitter.